Publications

Selected publications

Leonardi M., Barbujani G., Manica A. (2017) An earlier revolution: genetic and genomic analyses reveal pre-existing cultural differences leading to Neolithization. Scientific Reports 7: 3525 (PDF)
Modi A., Tassi F., Susca R.R., Vai S., Rizzi E., De Bellis G., Lugliè C., Barbujani G., Caramelli D., Ghirotto S. (2017) Complete mitochondrial sequences from Mesolithic Sardinians. Scientific Reports 7:42869 (PDF)
de Manuel M., Kuhlwilm M., Frandsen P., Sousa V., Desai T., Prado-Martinez J., Hernandez-Rodriguez J., Duperret I., Lao O., Hallast P., Schmidt J., Heredia-Genestar J.M., Benazzo A., Barbujani G., Peter B.M., Kuderna L.F.K., Casals F., Angedakin S., Langergraber K., Arandjelovic M., Kühl H., Vigilant L., Boesch C., Novembre J., Gut M., Gut I., Navarro A., Carlsen F., Andrés A.M., Siegismund H.R., Scally A., Excoffier L., Tyler-Smith C., Castellano S., Xue Y., Hvilsom C., Marques-Bonet T. (2016) Chimpanzee genomic diversity reveals ancient admixture with bonobos. Science 354:477-481 (PDF)
Dall’Ara I., Ghirotto S., Ingusci S., Bagarolo G., Bertolucci C., Barbujani G. (2016) Demographic history and adaptation account for clock gene diversity in humans. Heredity 117:165-172 (PDF)
 Lobon I., Tucci S., de Manuel M., Ghirotto S., Benazzo A., Prado-Martinez J., Lorente-Galdos B., Nam K., Dabad M., Hernandez-Rodriguez J., Comas D., Navarro A., Schierup M.H., Andres A.M., Barbujani G., Hvilsom C., Marques-Bonet T. (2016) Demographic history of the genus Pan inferred from whole mitochondrial genome reconstructions. Genome Biology and Evolution 8:2020-2030 (PDF)
Longobardi G., Ceolin A., Ekay A., Ghirotto S., Guardiano C., Irimia M.A., Michelioudakis D., Radkevich N., Pettener D., Luiselli D. Barbujani G. (2016) Formal linguistics as a cue to demographic history. Journal of Anthropological Sciences 94:147-155 (PDF)
Tassi F., Ghirotto S., Mezzavilla M., Torres Vilaça S., De Santi L., Barbujani G. (2015) Early modern human dispersal from Africa: Genomic evidence for multiple waves of migration. Investigative Genetics 6:13 (PDF)
Longobardi G., Ghirotto S., Guardiano C., Tassi F., Benazzo A., Ceolin A., Barbujani G. (2015) Across language families: DNA diversity mirrors grammar within Europe. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 157:630–640 (PDF)
Vai S., Ghirotto S., Pilli E., Tassi F., Lari M., Rizzi E., Matas-Lalueza L., Ramirez O., Lalueza-Fox C., Achilli A., Olivieri A., Torroni A., Lancioni H., Giostra C., Bedini E., Pejrani Baricco L.,  Matullo G., Di Gaetano C., Piazza A., Veeramah K., Geary P., Caramelli D., and Barbujani G. (2015) Genealogical relationships between early medieval and modern inhabitants of Piedmont. PLoS ONE  10:e0116801 (PDF)
Reyes-Centeno H., Ghirotto S., Détroit F., Grimaud-Hervé D., Barbujani G., Harvati K. (2014) Genomic and cranial phenotype data support multiple modern human dispersals from Africa and a Southern route into Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111:7248–7253 (PDF)
Barbujani G., Ghirotto S., Tassi F. (2013) Nine things to remember about human genome diversity. Tissue Antigens 82:155–164 (PDF)
Tassi F., Ghirotto S., Caramelli D., Barbujani G. (2013) Genetic evidence does not support an Etruscan origin in Anatolia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 152:11–18 (PDF)

Barbujani G., Pigliucci M. (2013) Human races. Current Biology 23:R185 (PDF)

Ghirotto S., Tassi F., Fumagalli E., Colonna V., Sandionigi A., Lari M., Vai S., Petiti E., Corti G., Rizzi E., De Bellis G., Caramelli D. and Barbujani G. (2013) Origins and evolution of the Etruscans’ mtDNA. PLoS ONE 8:e55519. (PDF)

Ghirotto S., Tassi F., Benazzo A. and Barbujani G. (2011) No evidence of Neandertal admixture in the mitochondrial genomes of early European modern humans and contemporary Europeans. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 146:242–252. (PDF)

Ghirotto S., Penso-Dolfin L. and Barbujani G. (2011) Genomic evidence for an African expansion of anatomically-modern humans by a Southern route. Human Biology 83:477-489. (PDF)

Barbujani G. and Colonna V. (2010) Human genome diversity: Frequently asked questions. Trends in Genetics 26:285–295. (PDF)

Ghirotto S., Mona S., Benazzo A., Paparazzo F., Caramelli D., Barbujani G. (2010) Inferring genealogical processes from patterns of Bronze–age and modern DNA variation in Sardinia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 27:775–786. (PDF)

Guimaraes S., Ghirotto S., Benazzo A., Milani L., Lari M., Pilli E., Pecchioli E., Mallegni F., Lippi B., Bertoldi F., Gelichi S., Casoli A., Belle E.M.S., Caramelli D., Barbujani G. (2009) Genealogical discontinuities among Etruscan, Medieval and contemporary Tuscans. Molecular Biology and Evolution 26:2157-2166. (PDF)

Belle E.M.S., Benazzo A., Ghirotto S., Colonna V. and Barbujani G. (2009)Comparing models on the genealogical relationships among Neandertal, Cro-Magnoid and modern Europeans by Serial Coalescent simulations. Heredity 102:218-225. (PDF)

Caramelli D., Milani L., Vai S., Modi A., Pecchioli E., Girardi M., Pilli E., Lari M., Lippi B., Ronchitelli A., Mallegni F., Casoli A., Bertorelle G., Barbujani G. (2008) A 28,000 years old Cro-Magnon mtDNA sequence differs from all potentially contaminating modern sequences. PLoS ONE 3:e2700. (PDF)

Caramelli D., Vernesi C., Sanna S., Sampietro L., Lari M., Castrì L., Vona G., Floris R., Francalacci P., Tykot R., Casoli A., Bertranpetit J., Lalueza-Fox C., Bertorelle G., Barbujani G. (2007) Genetic variation in prehistoric Sardinia. Human Genetics 122:327-336. (PDF)

Belle E.M.S. and Barbujani G. (2007) A worldwide analysis of multiple microsatellites suggests that language diversity has a detectable influence on DNA diversity. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 133:1137-1146. (PDF)

Caramelli D., Lalueza-Fox C., Capelli C., Lari M., Sampietro M.L., Gigli E., Milani L., Pilli E., Guimaraes S., Chiarelli B., Terribile Wien Marin V., Casoli A., Stanyon R., Bertranpetit J., Barbujani G. (2007) Genetic analysis of the skeletal remains attributed to Francesco Petrarca. Forensic Science International 073:36-40. (PDF)

Sistonen J., Sajantila A., Lao O., Corander J., Barbujani G. and Fuselli S. (2007) CYP2D6 worldwide genetic variation shows high frequency of altered activity variants and no continental structure. Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 17:93-101. (PDF)

Fraumene C., Belle E.M.S., Castrì L., Sanna S., Mancosu G., Cosso M., Marras F, Barbujani G. and Pirastu M. (2006) High resolution analysis and phylogenetic network construction using complete mtDNA sequences in Sardinian genetic isolates. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23:2101-2111. (PDF)

Caramelli D., Lalueza-Fox C., Condemi S., Longo L., Milani L., Manfredini A., de Saint Pierre M., Adoni F., Lari M, Giunti P., Ricci S., Casoli A., Calafell F., Mallegni F., Bertranpetit J., Stanyon R., Bertorelle G., Barbujani G. (2006) A highly divergent mtDNA sequence in a Neandertal individual from Italy. Current Biology 16:R630-R632. (PDF)

Belle E.M.S., Ramakrishnan U., Mountain J. and Barbujani G. (2006) Serial coalescent simulations suggest a weak genealogical relationship between Etruscans and modern Tuscans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103:8012-8017. (PDF)

Beja-Pereira A., Caramelli D., Lalueza Fox C., Vernesi C., Ferrand N., Sampietro L., Casoli A., Goyache F., Royo L.J., Conti S., Lari M., Martini A., Ouragh L., Magid A., Atash A., Boscato P., Triantaphylidis C., Ploumi K., Sineo L., Mallegni P., Taberlet P., Erhardt G., Bertranpetit J., Barbujani G., Luikart G., Bertorelle G. (2006) Genetic evidence for multiple origins of European cattle in Near-East, Africa, and Europe.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103:8113-8118. (PDF)

Barbujani G. and Chikhi L. (2006) DNAs from the European Neolithic. Heredity 97:84-85. (PDF)

Belle E.M.S., Landry P-A. and Barbujani G. (2006) Origins and evolution of the Europeans' genome: Evidence from multiple microsatellite loci. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 273:1595-1602. (PDF)

Barbujani G. and Belle E.M.S. (2006) Genomic boundaries between human populations. Human Heredity 61:15-21. (PDF)

Barbujani G. (2005) Human races: Classifying people vs. understanding diversity. Current Genomics 4:215-226. (PDF)

Di Giacomo F, Luca F, Popa LO, Akar N, Anagnou N, Banyko J, Brdicka R, Barbujani G, Papola F, Ciavarella G, Cucci F, Di Stasi L, Gavrila L, Kerimova MG, Kovatchev D, Kozlov AI, Loutradis A, Mandarino V, Mammi' C, Michalodimitrakis EN, Paoli G, Pappa KI, Pedicini G, Terrenato L, Tofanelli S, Malaspina P, Novelletto A. (2004) Y chromosomal haplogroup J as a signature of the post-neolithic colonization of Europe. Human Genetics 115:357-371. (PDF)

Barbujani G., Vernesi C., Caramelli D., Castrì L., Lalueza-Fox C. and Bertorelle G. (2004) Etruscan artifacts: Much ado about nothing. American Journal of Human Genetics 75:923-927. (PDF)

Fuselli S., Dupanloup I., Frigato E., Cruciani F., Scozzari R., Moral P., Sistonen J., Sajantila A. and Barbujani G. (2004). Molecular Diversity at the CYP2D6 Locus in the Mediterranean Region. European Journal of Human Genetics 12:916-924. (PDF)

Dupanloup I., Bertorelle G., Chikhi L. and Barbujani G. (2004) Estimating the impact of prehistoric admixture on the Europeans’ genome. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21:1361-1372. (PDF)

Barbujani G. and Goldstein D.B. (2004) Africans and Asians abroad: Genetic diversity in Europe. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics 5:119-150. (PDF)

Vernesi C., Caramelli D., Dupanloup I., Bertorelle G., Lari M., Cappellini E., Moggi J., Chiarelli B., Castrì L., Casoli A., Mallegni F., Lalueza-Fox C. and Barbujani G. (2004). The Etruscans: A population-genetic study. American Journal of Human Genetics 74:694-704. (PDF)

Barbujani G., Bertorelle G. (2003) Were Cro-Magnons too like us for DNA to tell? Nature 424:127. (PDF)

Dupanloup I., Pereira L., Bertorelle G., Calafell F., Prata M.J., Amorim A. and Barbujani G. (2003) A recent shift from polygyny to monogamy in humans is suggested by the analysis of worldwide Y-chromosome diversity. Journal of Molecular Evolution 57:85-97. (PDF)

Caramelli D., Lalueza-Fox C., Vernesi C., Lari M., Casoli A., Mallegni F., Chiarelli B., Dupanloup I., Bertranpetit J., Barbujani G., Bertorelle G. (2003) Evidence for a genetic discontinuity between Neandertals and 24,000-year-old anatomically modern Europeans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100:6593-6597. (PDF)

Vernesi C., Fuselli S., Castrì L., Bertorelle G. and Barbujani G. (2002) Mitochondrial Diversity in Linguistic Isolates of the Alps: A Reappraisal. Human Biology 74:725-730. (PDF)

Chikhi L., Nichols R.A., Barbujani G., Beaumont M.A. (2002) Y genetic data support the Neolithic Demic Diffusion Model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 99:10008-10013. (PDF)

Romualdi C., Balding D., Nasidze I.S., Risch G., Robichaux M., Sherry S., Stoneking M., Batzer M. and Barbujani G. (2002) Patterns of human diversity, within and among continents, inferred from biallelic DNA polymorphisms. Genome Research 12:602-612. (PDF)

Vernesi C., Di Benedetto G., Caramelli D., Secchieri E., Katti E., Malaspina P., Novelletto A., Terribile Wiel Marin A. and Barbujani G. (2001) Genetic characterization of the body attributed to the evangelist Luke. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98:13460-13463. (PDF)

Pereira L., Dupanloup I., Rosser Z., Jobling M. and Barbujani G. (2001) Y-chromosome mismatch distributions in Europe. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18:1259-1271. (PDF)

Di Benedetto G., Erguven A., Stenico M., Castrì L., Bertorelle G., Togan I. and Barbujani G. (2001) DNA diversity and population admixture in Anatolia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 124:144-156. (PDF)

Barbujani G. and Bertorelle G. (2001) Genetics and the population history of Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98:22-25. (PDF)

Rosser Z.H., Zerjal T., Hurles M.E., Adojaan M., Alavantic D., Amorim A., Amos W., Armenteros M., Arroyo E., Barbujani G., et al. (2000) Y-chromosomal diversity within Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography rather than language. American Journal of Human Genetics 67:1526-1543. (PDF)

Di Benedetto G., Nasidze I.S., Stenico M., Nigro L., Krings M., Lanzinger M., Vigilant L., Stoneking M., Pääbo S. and Barbujani G. (2000) Mitochondrial DNA sequences in prehistoric human remains from the Alps. European Journal of Human Genetics 8:669-677. (PDF)

Simoni L., Calafell F., Pettener D., Bertranpetit J. and Barbujani G. (2000) Reconstruction of prehistory on the basis of genetic data. American Journal of Human Genetics 66:1177-1179. (PDF)

Barbujani, G. (2000) Geographical patterns: How to identify them, and why. Human Biology 72:133-153.

Simoni L., Calafell F., Pettener D., Bertranpetit J. and Barbujani G. (2000) Geographic patterns of mt DNA diversity in Europe. American Journal of Human Genetics 66:262-278. (PDF)

Casalotti R., Simoni L., Belledi M. and Barbujani G. (1999) Y-chromosome polymorphism and the origins of the European gene pool. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 266:1959-1965. (PDF)

Simoni L., Gueresi P., Pettener D. and Barbujani G. (1999) Patterns of gene flow inferred from genetic distances in the Mediterranean region. Human Biology 71:399-415.

Chikhi L., Destro-Bisol G., Bertorelle G., Pascali V., and Barbujani G. (1998) Clines of nuclear DNA markers suggest a recent, Neolithic ancestry of the European gene pool. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 95:9053-9058. (PDF)

Chikhi L., Destro-Bisol G., Pascali V., Baravelli V., Dobosz M., and Barbujani G. (1998) Clinal variation in the DNA of Europeans. Human Biology 70:643-657.

Barbujani G., Bertorelle G. and Chikhi L. (1998) Evidence for Paleolithic and Neolithic gene flow in Europe. American Journal of Human Genetics 62:488-491. (PDF)

Stenico M., Nigro L. and Barbujani G. (1998) Mitochondrial lineages in Ladin-speaking communities of the Eastern Alps. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 265:1-7.

Barbujani G. (1997) DNA variation and language affinities. American Journal of Human Genetics 61:1011-1014. (PDF)

Barbujani G., Magagni A., Minch E. and Cavalli-Sforza L.L. (1997) An apportionment of human DNA diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 94:4516-4519. (PDF)

Stenico M., Nigro L., Bertorelle G., Calafell F., Capitanio M., Corrain C. and Barbujani G. (1996) High mitochondrial sequence diversity in linguistic isolates of the Alps. American Journal of Human Genetics 59:1363-1375. (PDF)

Bertorelle G., Calafell F., Francalacci P., Bertranpetit J. and Barbujani G. (1996) Geographic homogeneity and non-equilibrium patterns of mtDNA sequences in Tuscany, Italy. Human Genetics 98:145-150.

Barbujani G., Bertorelle G., Capitani G. and Scozzari R. (1995) Geographical structuring in the mtDNA of Italians. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 92:9171-9175. (PDF)

Bertorelle G., Bertranpetit J., Calafell F., Nasidze I., Barbujani G. (1995) Do Basque- and Caucasian-speaking populations share non-Indo-European ancestors? European Journal of Human Genetics 3:256-263.

Bertorelle G., and Barbujani G. (1995) Analysis of DNA diversity by spatial autocorrelation. Genetics 140:811-819. (PDF)

Barbujani G., Sokal R.R., and Oden N.L. (1995) Indo-European origins: A computer-simulation test of five hypotheses. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 96:109-132.

Rosato E., Peixoto A.A., Barbujani G., Costa R., and Kyriacou C.P. (1994) Molecular polymorphism in the period gene of Drosophila. Genetics 138:693-707. (PDF)

Barbujani G., Whitehead G.N., Bertorelle G. and Nasidze I.S. (1994) Testing hypotheses on genetic and linguistic differentiation in the Caucasus. Human Biology 66:843-864.

Barbujani G., Nasidze I.S., Whitehead G.N. (1994) Genetic diversity in the Caucasus. Human Biology 66:639-668.

Barbujani G., Pilastro A., De Domenico S., and Renfrew C. (1994) Genetic variation in North Africa and Eurasia: Neolithic demic diffusion versus Paleolithic colonisation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 95:137-154.

Barbujani G., and Pilastro A. (1993) Genetic evidence on origin and dispersal of human populations speaking languages of the Nostratic macrofamily. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 90:4670-4673. (PDF)

Costa R., Peixoto A.A., Barbujani G., and Kyriacou C.P. (1992) A latitudinal cline in a Drosophila clock gene. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 250:43-49.

Barbujani G. (1991) What do languages tell us about human microevolution? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 6:151-156.

Barbujani G. and Sokal R.R. (1991) Genetic population structure of Italy. II. Physical and cultural barriers to gene flow. American Journal of Human Genetics 48:398-411.

Barbujani G. and Sokal R.R. (1991) Genetic population structure of Italy. I. Geographical patterns of gene frequencies. Human Biology 63:253-271.

Barbujani G., Jacquez G.M. and Ligi L. (1990) Diversity of some gene frequencies in European and Asian populations. V. Steep multilocus clines. American Journal of Human Genetics 47:867-875. (PDF)

Sokal R.R., Oden N.L., Legendre P., Fortin M-J., Kim J., Thomson B.A., Vaudor A., Harding R.M. and Barbujani G. (1990) Genetics and language in European populations. American Naturalist 135:157-175.

Barbujani G. and Sokal R.R. (1990) Zones of sharp genetic change in Europe are also linguistic boundaries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 87:1816-1819. (PDF)

Barbujani G., Oden N.L., Sokal R.R. (1989) Detecting regions of abrupt change in maps of biological variables. Systematic Zoology 38:376-389. (PDF)

Barbujani G. (1988) Detecting and comparing the direction of gene-frequency gradients. Journal of Genetics 67:129-140.

Barbujani G. (1987) Autocorrelation of gene frequencies under isolation by distance. Genetics 117:777-782. (PDF)

Book reviews

Genes, people, and languages. American Journal of Human Genetics 67:264-266 (2000). (PDF)

What it means to be 98% chimpanzee: Apes, people and their genes. New England Journal of Medicine 347:2087 (2002). (PDF)

The genome war: How Craig Venter tried to capture the secret of life and save the world. New England Journal of Medicine 351:304 (2004). (PDF)

Selected book chapters

Barbujani G. and Ghirotto S. (2010) Origins of the Tuscans. In Encyclopedia of the Human Genome. London: Nature Publishing Group.